ゼミ 2020


The 20th Century Southeast Asia, Naitonalism and Education

(English follows)



In this couse, we will read social history articles on history of education in individual countries in Southeast Asia. We have read articles on the whole of Southeast Asia and micro studies in the Spring semester; for this Fall semester, we will pay more attention to colonial experiences and nationalism in each of the 9 Southeast Asian nation-states (except for East Timor and Brunei Darussalam) .

Basically, this course consists of reading and student’s presentation on his own reasearch. For each session, we are expecting to read two to three articles.

以下の文献は、一応現時点で集めたもので、今後、適宜増減します。この外に、各国史の参考文献を足します。Documents below were culled for now and I will add and take out some of them. I wil also supplment this list with books on national histories.

[VN01] Long, S. Le. “”Colonial” and “Postcolonial” Views of Vietnam’s Pre-History.” Sojourn (Singapore) 26 1 (2011): 128-48.
[VN02] Dror, Olga. “Education and Politics in Wartime: School Systems in North and South Vietnam, 1965–1975.” Journal of cold war studies 20 3 (2018): 57-113.
[VN03] Nguyen, Kelly. “PhạM Duy Khiêm, Classical Reception, and Colonial Subversion in Early 20th Century Vietnam and France.” Classical receptions journal 12 3 (2020): 340-56.
[VN04] Nguyen, Kim Hong. “A Postcolonial Museum of War: Curating War and Colonialism at Vietnam’s War Remnants Museum.” Interventions 19 3 (2017): 301-21.
[VN05] Huong, Pham Lan, and Gerald W. Fry. “Education and Economic, Political, and Social Change in Vietnam.” Educational Research for Policy and Practice 3 3 (2004): 199-222.
[VN06] Ngo, Than M., Bob Lingard, and Jane Mitchell. “The Policy Cycle and Vernacular Globalization: A Case Study of the Creation of Vietnam National University-Hochiminh City.” Comparative education 42 2 (2006): 225-42.
[VN07] Nguyen, Nhai, and Ly Thi Tran. “Looking Inward or Outward? Vietnam Higher Education at the Superhighway of Globalization: Culture, Values and Changes.” Journal of Asian Public Policy 11 1 (2018): 28-45.
[VN08] Favorite, Jennifer K. “”We Don’t Want Another Vietnam”: The Wall, the Mall, History, and Memory in the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Education Center.” Public Art Dialogue 6 2 (2016): 185-205.
[VN09] Kaiser, Tim, et al. “Educational Transfers in Postcolonial Contexts: Preliminary Results from Comparative Research on Workers’ Faculties in Vietnam, Cuba, and Mozambique.” European education 47 3 (2015): 242-59.

[KH01] Fergusson, Lee C., and Gildas le Masson. “A Culture under Siege: Post-Colonial Higher Education and Teacher Education in Cambodia from 1953 to 1979.” History of education 26 1 (1997): 91-122.
[KH02] Clayton, Thomas. “Building the New Cambodia: Educational Destruction and Construction under the Khmer Rouge, 1975–1979.” History of education quarterly 38 1 (1998): 1-16.
[KH03] Duggan, Stephen J. “Education, Teacher Training and Prospects for Economic Recovery in Cambodia.” Comparative education 32 3 (1996): 361-75.
[KH04] Bray, Mark, et al. “The Hidden Curriculum in a Hidden Marketplace: Relationships and Values in Cambodia’s Shadow Education System.” Journal of curriculum studies 50 4 (2018): 435-55.
[KH05] Brehm, Will. “The Is and the Ought of Knowing: Ontological Observations on Shadow Education Research in Cambodia.” Southeast Asian studies (Kyoto (Japan)) 6 3 (2017): 485-503.
[KH06] Brehm, William C., and Iveta Silova. “Hidden Privatization of Public Education in Cambodia: Equity Implications of Private Tutoring.” Journal for educational research online 6 1 (2014): 94-116.
[KH07] Alabaster, Wendy. “Exclusion in Education: Will Children in Cambodia Be Able to Complete a Full Course of Primary Education by 2015?” Knowledge Cultures 2 5 (2014): 16-28.
[KH08] Heng, Piphal, Kaseka Phon, and Sophady Heng. “De-Exoticizing Cambodia’s Archaeology through Community Engagement.” Journal of community archaeology & heritage 7 3 (2020): 198-214.
[KH09] Hashim, Azirah, Y. E. E. Chee Leong, and Pheak Tra Pich. “English in Higher Education in Cambodia.” World Englishes 33 4 (2014): 498-511.

[LO01] Berge, Britt-Marie, et al. “Reforming Lao Teacher Education to Include Females and Ethnic Minorities – Exploring Possibilities and Constraints.” Asia Pacific Journal of Education 37 1 (2017): 103-15.

[TH01] Pasuk, Phongpaichit, Treerat Nualnoi, and Chris Baker. “Very Distinguished Alumni: Thai Political Networking.” Southeast Asian studies (Kyoto (Japan)) 5 1 (2016): 19-34.
[TH02] Rhein, Douglas. “Westernisation and the Thai Higher Education System: Past and Present.” Journal of Educational Administration and History 48 3 (2016): 261-74.
[TH03] Oh, Su-Ann, Melanie Walker, and Hayso Thako. “Karen Education and Boundary-Making at the Thai-Burmese Borderland.” Journal of borderlands studies (2019): 1-16.
[TH04] Yeo, Subin Sarah, Terese Gagnon, and Hayso Thako. “Schooling for a Stateless Nation: The Predicament of Education without Consensus for Karen Refugees on the Thailand-Myanmar Border.” Asian journal of peacebuilding 8 1 (2020): 29-55.
[TH05] Seeger, Martin. “‘Against the Stream’: The Thai Female Buddhist Saint Mae Chi Kaew Sianglam (1901–1991).” South East Asia research 18 3 (2010): 555-95.
[TH06] Lertcharnrit, Thanik, and Nannabhat Niyomsap. “Heritage Management, Education, and Community Involvement in Thailand: A Central Thai Community Case.” Journal of community archaeology & heritage 7 3 (2020): 187-97.
[TH07] Nitungkorn, Sukanya. “Higher Education Reform in Thailand.” Tōnan Ajia kenkyu 38 4 (2001): 461-80.
[TH08] Thanyathamrongkul, Rattima, Wareesiri Singhasiri, and Sonthida Keyuravong. “Language Literacy, Language Education Policy and Classroom Practices in a Thai Primary School Context.” Issues in educational research 28 4 (2018): 1060.

[MN01] Lall, Marie, and Ashley South. “Comparing Models of Non-State Ethnic Education in Myanmar: The Mon and Karen National Education Regimes.” Journal of Contemporary Asia 44 2 (2014): 298-321.
[MN02] Turner, Alicia. “Pali Scholarship “in Its Truest Sense” in Burma: The Multiple Trajectories in Colonial Deployments of Religion.” The Journal of Asian studies 77 1 (2018): 123-38.
[MN03] South, Ashley, and Marie Lall. “Language, Education and the Peace Process in Myanmar.” Contemporary Southeast Asia 38 1 (2016): 128-53.
[MN04] Creak, Simon. “National Restoration, Regional Prestige: The Southeast Asian Games in Myanmar, 2013.” The Journal of Asian studies 73 4 (2014): 853-77.

[MY01] Lumayag, Linda A. “A Question of Access: Education Needs of Undocumented Children in Malaysia.” Asian Studies Review 40 2 (2016): 192-210.
[MY02] Izharuddin, Alicia. “Precarious Intellectuals: The Freelance Academic in Malaysian Higher Education.” Kajian Malaysia : Journal of Malaysian studies 36 2 (2018): 1-20.
[MY03] Schauer, Matthew J. “Industrious Women and Lost Traditions: Gender, Imperial Exchange, and Handicrafts Education in British Malaya and the American Philippines, 1900–1940.” Journal of world history 28 3 (2017): 493-524.
[MY04] Lee, Hwok-Aun. “Affirmative Action in Malaysia: Education and Employment Outcomes since the 1990s.” Journal of Contemporary Asia 42 2 (2012): 230-54.
[MY05] Tayeb, Azmil. “State Islamic Orthodoxies and Islamic Education in Malaysia and Indonesia.” Kajian Malaysia : Journal of Malaysian studies 35 2 (2017): 1-20.
[MY06] Lydia, Foong, et al. “Private Sector Early Child Care and Education in Malaysia: Workforce Readiness for Further Education.” Kajian Malaysia : Journal of Malaysian studies 36 1 (2018): 127-54.
[MY07] Schulz, Yvan. “The Great Value of Poor Migrants: State Policies, Christian Morality and Primary Education in Sabah, Malaysia.” South East Asia Research: Special issue: Value Transfers in Southeast Asia: Religion, Charity and Subjectivity in an era of Neoliberal Reform 25 3 (2017): 301-18.
[MY08] Graf, Arndt. “Malaysia’s Niche in International Higher Education: Targeting Muslim-Majority, Commonwealth, and Less-Developed Countries.” Trans-regional and -national studies of Southeast Asia 4 1 (2016): 5-40.

[ID01]Suwignyo, Agus. “The Making of Politically Conscious Indonesian Teachers in Public Schools, 1930-42.” Southeast Asian Studies 3 1 (2014): 1198211-11.
[ID02] Rosser, Andrew, and Priyambudi Sulistiyanto. “The Politics of Universal Free Basic Education in Decentralized Indonesia: Insights from Yogyakarta.” Pacific affairs 86 3 (2013): 539-60.
[ID03] Hoon, Chang-Yau. “Multicultural Citizenship Education in Indonesia: The Case of a Chinese Christian School.” Journal of Southeast Asian studies (Singapore) 44 3 (2013): 490-510.
[ID04] Nordholt, Henk Schulte. “Modernity and Cultural Citizenship in the Netherlands Indies: An Illustrated Hypothesis.” Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 42 3 (2011): 435-57.
[ID05] Suwignyo, Agus. “The Great Depression and the Changing Trajectory of Public Education Policy in Indonesia, 1930–42.” Journal of Southeast Asian studies (Singapore) 44 3 (2013): 465-89.
[ID06] Bjork, Christopher. “Reconstructing Rituals: Expressions of Autonomy and Resistance in a Sino-Indonesian School.” Anthropology & education quarterly 33 4 (2002): 465-91.
[ID07] Parker, Lyn. “Religious Education for Peaceful Coexistence in Indonesia?” South East Asia research 22 4 (2018): 487-504.
[ID08] Brown, Thomas Mitchell. “Building Resilience: The Emergence of Refugee-Led Education Initiatives in Indonesia to Address Service Gaps Faced in Protracted Transit.” Österreichische Zeitschrift für Südostasienwissenschaften 11 2 (2018): 165-81.
[ID09] Efriandi, T. R. I., et al. “Decentralization and Public Service Provision: A Case Study of the Education Sector in Jayawijaya District, Papua, Indonesia.” Contemporary Southeast Asia 41 3 (2019): 364-89.
[ID10] Prabawa-Sear, Kelsie. “Winning Beats Learning: Environmental Education in Indonesian Senior High Schools.” Indonesia and the Malay World: Special Issue: Environmentalism and Environmental Education in Indonesia 46 136 (2018): 283-302.
[ID11] Parker, Lyn, Kelsie Prabawa-Sear, and Wahyu Kustiningsih. “How Young People in Indonesia See Themselves as Environmentalists: Identity, Behaviour, Perceptions and Responsibility.” Indonesia and the Malay World: Special Issue: Environmentalism and Environmental Education in Indonesia 46 136 (2018): 263-82.
[ID12] Rosser, Andrew. “Law and the Realisation of Human Rights: Insights from Indonesia’s Education Sector.” Asian Studies Review: Law, Support Structures and the Realisation of Human Rights in Asia 39 2 (2015): 194-212.
[ID13 Ref.] Parker, Lyn. “Environmentalism and Education for Sustainability in Indonesia.” Indonesia and the Malay World: Special Issue: Environmentalism and Environmental Education in Indonesia 46 136 (2018): 235-40.

[SG01] Ho, Li-Ching. “Global Multicultural Citizenship Education: A Singapore Experience.” The Social Studies 100 6 (2009): 285-93.
[SG02] Ho, Li-Ching. “Meritocracy, Tracking, and Elitism: Differentiated Citizenship Education in the United States and Singapore.” The Social Studies 105 1 (2014): 29-35.
[SG03] Jamil, Nurhaizatul. “”You Are My Garment”: Muslim Women, Religious Education and Self-Transformation in Contemporary Singapore.” Asian Studies Review:  40 4 (2016): 545-63.

The Philippines
[PH01] Rafael, Vicente L. “The War of Translation: Colonial Education, American English, and Tagalog Slang in the Philippines.” The Journal of Asian studies 74 2 (2015): 283-302.
[PH02] Smith, Pauline Crumb. “A Basic Problem in Philippine Education.” The Far Eastern quarterly 4 2 (1945).
[PH03] Meany, James J. “Jesuit Cooperation in Philippine Education.” Philippine studies 29 3/4 (1981): 463-76.
[PH04] Tadiar, Neferti X. M. “Remaindered Life of Citizen-Man, Medium of Democracy.” Tōnan Ajia kenkyu 49 3 (2011): 464-95.


Education and Society in Southeast Asia

(English follows)

Throughout this course, each student is expected to present a reading material by writing up and handing out the outline of an assigned reading(s) and give an individual presentation on his own research at least once each.  The reading materials will be selected from below.  In this semester, we will further our understanding on the Southeast Asian societies by reading articles on  social history of education.  Following are the concerned topics:
– Religious education in the pre-modern period, informal education
– Colonial education and its ideology
– Nationalism and education
– Multilingualism and its effects on formal education
– Education of ethnic minorities
– Education and development
– Women’s education
This course uses social history as a main approach to the above-mentioned topics.  Rather that focusing on the effectiveness of education, my interest is more longue durée and historical and rests on why certain values were taught, how and by whom they were taught and what identities were born out of this education.

The Pool of Articles to Choose from:

【A Colonial Education/Nationalism (13 Articles)】
[1] (Ref.) “Education in Colonial Southeast Asia.” World History Encyclopedia (Vol. 14: Era 7: The Age of Revolutions, 1750-1914. ). Eds. Andrea, Alfred J. and Carolyn Neel. Vol. 14, 2011. 230-31.
[2] (Ref.) Booth, Anne. “The Economic Development of Southeast Asia in the Colonial Era: C.1870–1942.” History Compass 6 1 (2008): 25-53.
[3] (Ref.) Clayton, T. “Language Education Policies in Southeast Asia.” Second ed: Elsevier Ltd, 2006. 430-32.
[4] (Ref.) Ho, W. K., and R. Y. L. Wong. “Applied Linguistics in Southeast Asia.” Second ed: Elsevier Ltd, 2006. 385-93.
[5] Aguilar, Filomeno, et al. “Towards Community Formation in Southeast Asia? History Education, Asean and the Nation-State.” Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia 32 1 (2017): 137-69.
[6] Reyes, Portia L. “Fighting over a Nation: Theorizing a Filipino Historiography.” Postcolonial Studies: Southeast Asia’s absence in postcolonial studies 11 3 (2008): 241-58.
[7] Sai, Siew-Min. “Educating Multicultural Citizens: Colonial Nationalism, Imperial Citizenship and Education in Late Colonial Singapore.” Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 44 1 (2013): 49-73.
[8] Singh, Navin Kumar, and Mariella Espinoza-Herold. “Culture-Based Education: Lessons from Indigenous Education in the U.S. And Southeast Asia.” NABE Journal of Research and Practice 5 1 (2014): 7-39.
[9] Tappe, Oliver. “Variants of Frontier Mimesis: Colonial Encounter and Intercultural Interaction in the Lao-Vietnamese Uplands.” Social Analysis 62 2 (2018): 51-75.
[10] Mohamad, Maznah. “Malay/Malaysian/Islamic: Four Genres of Political Writings and the Postcoloniality of Autochthonous Texts.” Postcolonial Studies: Southeast Asia’s absence in postcolonial studies 11 3 (2008): 293-313.
[11] Farid, Hilmar, and Razif. “Batjaan Liar in the Dutch East Indies: A Colonial Antipode.” Postcolonial Studies: Southeast Asia’s absence in postcolonial studies 11 3 (2008): 277-92.
[12] Liu, Amy H., and Jacob I. Ricks. “Coalitions and Language Politics: Policy Shifts in Southeast Asia.” World Politics 64 3 (2012): 476-506.
[13] Wang, Chee Keng John, and Woon Chia Liu. “Teachers’ Motivation to Teach National Education in Singapore: A Self-Determination Theory Approach.” Asia Pacific Journal of Education 28 4 (2008): 395-410.

【B Islam (8 Articles)】
[19] Hefner, Robert W. (Ref.)”Education in Muslim Southeast Asia.” Leiden, Koninklijke Brill NV, 2017.
[14] Gedacht, Joshua. “Holy War, Progress, and “Modern Mohammedans” in Colonial Southeast Asia1.” The Muslim World 105 4 (2015): 446-71.
[15] Milligan, Jeffrey Ayala. “Islam and Education Policy Reform in the Southern Philippines.” Asia Pacific Journal of Education 28 4 (2008): 369-81.
[16] Milligan, Jeffrey Ayala. “Reclaiming an Ideal: The Islamization of Education in the Southern Philippines.” Comparative education review 50 3 (2006): 410-30.
[17] Pohl, Florian. “Islamic Education and Civil Society: Reflections on the Pesantren Tradition in Contemporary Indonesia.” Comparative education review 50 3 (2006): 389-409.
[18] Sajed, Alina. “Insurrectional Politics in Colonial Southeast Asia: Colonial Modernity, Islamic ‘Counterplots’, and Translocal (Anti-Colonial) Connectivity.” Globalizations: Insurrectional Politics 12 6 (2015): 899-912.
[20] Park, Jaddon, and Sarfaroz Niyozov. “Madrasa Education in South Asia and Southeast Asia: Current Issues and Debates.” Asia Pacific Journal of Education 28 4 (2008): 323-51.
[21] Rabasa, Angel. “Islamic Education in Southeast Asia.” Current Trends in Islamist Ideology 2 (2005): 97.

【C GS 1: Tertiary Education (23 Articles)】
[22] (Ref.) Sant, Edda. “Democratic Education: A Theoretical Review (2006–2017).” Review of Educational Research 89 5 (2019): 655-96.
[23] (Ref.)Hazelkorn, Ellen. “Rankings and the Global Reputation Race.” New Directions for Higher Education 2014 168 (2014): 13-26.
[27] (Ref.)Harvey, Lee. “Rankings of Higher Education Institutions: A Critical Review.” Quality in Higher Education 14 3 (2008): 187-207.
[24] Owens, Taya L., and Jason E. Lane. “Cross-Border Higher Education: Global and Local Tensions within Competition and Economic Development: Cross-Border Higher Education: Global and Local Tensions.” New Directions for Higher Education 2014 168 (2014): 69-82.
[25] Daquila, Teofilo C. “Internationalizing Higher Education in Singapore: Government Policies and the Nus Experience.” Journal of Studies in International Education 17 5 (2013): 629-47.
[26] Gopinathan, S. “Preparing for the Next Rung: Economic Restructuring and Educational Reform in Singapore.” Journal of Education and Work 12 3 (1999): 295-308.
[28] Lo, William Yat Wai. “The Concept of Greater China in Higher Education: Adoptions, Dynamics and Implications.” Comparative Education 52 1 (2016): 26-43.
[29] Symaco, Lorraine Pe. “Education in the Knowledge-Based Society: The Case of the Philippines.” Asia Pacific Journal of Education: Education and knowledge society in the Asia-Pacific 33 2 (2013): 183-96.
[30] Tham, Siew Yean. “Internationalizing Higher Education in Malaysia: Government Policies and University’s Response.” Journal of Studies in International Education 17 5 (2013): 648-62.
[31] Welch, Anthony. “Different Paths, One Goal: Southeast Asia as Knowledge Society.” Asia Pacific Journal of Education: Education and knowledge society in the Asia-Pacific 33 2 (2013): 197-211.
[32] Gopinathan, S. “Globalisation, the Singapore Developmental State and Education Policy: A Thesis Revisited.” Globalisation, Societies and Education 5 1 (2007): 53-70.
[33] Jacob, W. James, Deane Neubauer, and Huiyuan Ye. “Financing Trends in Southeast Asia and Oceania: Meeting the Demands of Regional Higher Education Growth.” International Journal of Educational Development 58 (2018): 47-63.
[34] Lavankura, Pad. “Internationalizing Higher Education in Thailand: Government and University Responses.” Journal of Studies in International Education 17 5 (2013): 663-76.
[35] MacBurnie, Grant, and Christopher Ziguras. “The Regulation of Transnational Higher Education in Southeast Asia: Case Studies of Hong Kong, Malaysia and Australia.” Higher Education 42 1 (2001): 85-105.
[36] Pohlenz, Philipp, and Frank Niedermeier. “The Bologna Process and the Harmonisation of Higher Education Systems in Other World Regions: A Case from Southeast Asia.” Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research: Special Issue: 20th anniversary of the Bologna Process: Europeanization through Soft Governance 32 4 (2019): 481-94.
[37] Rhoads, Robert A., Shuai Li, and Lauren Ilano. “The Global Quest to Build World‐Class Universities: Toward a Social Justice Agenda.” New Directions for Higher Education 2014 168 (2014): 27-39.
[38] Savage, Victor R. “Problems of Tertiary Education and Regional Academic Journals: A View from Southeast Asia: Se Asian Journals & Tertiary Education.” Asia Pacific Viewpoint 52 2 (2011): 219-27.
[39] Tham, Siew Yean, and Andrew Jia Yi Kam. “Internationalising Higher Education: Comparing the Challenges of Different Higher Education Institutions in Malaysia.” Asia Pacific Journal of Education 28 4 (2008): 353-67.
[40] Umemiya, Naoki. “Regional Quality Assurance Activity in Higher Education in Southeast Asia: Its Characteristics and Driving Forces.” Quality in Higher Education 14 3 (2008): 277-90.
[41] Wilkins, Stephen, and Jeroen Huisman. “Student Evaluation of University Image Attractiveness and Its Impact on Student Attachment to International Branch Campuses.” Journal of Studies in International Education 17 5 (2013): 607-23.
[42] Yonezawa, Akiyoshi. “Strategies for the Emerging Global Higher Education Market in East Asia: A Comparative Study of Singapore, Malaysia and Japan.” Globalisation, Societies and Education 5 1 (2007): 125-36.
[43] Bagley, Sylvia S., and Laura M. Portnoi. “Setting the Stage: Global Competition in Higher Education.” New Directions for Higher Education 2014 168 (2014): 5-11.
[44] Kinser, Kevin. “Questioning Quality Assurance.” New Directions for Higher Education 2014 168 (2014): 55-67.

【D Museum, Theater, Art, Special Education, Postcolonialism (8 Articles)】
[45] Kalyanpur, Maya. “Paradigm and Paradox: Education for All and the Inclusion of Children with Disabilities in Cambodia.” International Journal of Inclusive Education 15 10 (2011): 1053-71.
[46] Williams, Christopher, et al. “Art as Peace Education at “Dark” Museums and Sites in the United Kingdom, Europe, and Southeast Asia.” Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 6 1 (2018): 157-98.
[47] Flores, Patrick D. “Post-Colonial Perils: Art and National Impossibilities.” World Art 1 1 (2011): 75-81.
[48] Rajendran, Charlene. “Engaging Difference through Theatre: Border Pedagogy in Southeast Asia.” Pedagogies: An International Journal 14 3 (2019): 191-205.
[49] Sim, Wai-chew. “Becoming Other: Literary Multilingualism in the Chinese Badlands.” Textual Practice 34 2 (2020): 235-53.
[50] Goh, Daniel P. S. “Postcolonial Disorientations: Colonial Ethnography and the Vectors of the Philippine Nation in the Imperial Frontier.” Postcolonial Studies: Southeast Asia’s absence in postcolonial studies 11 3 (2008): 259-76.
[51] Grimes, Peter, Khomvanh Sayarath, and Sithath Outhaithany. “The Lao Pdr Inclusive Education Project 1993-2009: Reflections on the Impact of a National Project Aiming to Support the Inclusion of Disabled Students.” International Journal of Inclusive Education 15 10 (2011): 1135-52.
[52] Lysa, Hong. “Invisible Semicolony: The Postcolonial Condition and Royal National History in Thailand.” Postcolonial Studies: Southeast Asia’s absence in postcolonial studies 11 3 (2008): 315-27.

【E GS 2: International Student Movement (6 Articles)】
[53] Yonezawa, Akiyoshi, Hugo Horta, and Aki Osawa. “Mobility, Formation and Development of the Academic Profession in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics in East and South East Asia.” Comparative Education 52 1 (2016): 44-61.
[54] Biraimah, Karen L., and Agreement Lathi Jotia. “The Longitudinal Effects of Study Abroad Programs on Teachers’ Content Knowledge and Perspectives: Fulbright-Hays Group Projects Abroad in Botswana and Southeast Asia.” Journal of Studies in International Education 17 4 (2013): 433-54.
[55] Root, Elizabeth, and Anchalee Ngampornchai. ““I Came Back as a New Human Being”: Student Descriptions of Intercultural Competence Acquired through Education Abroad Experiences.” Journal of Studies in International Education 17 5 (2013): 624-28.
[56] Bennett, Rebecca J., Simone E. Volet, and Farida E. Fozdar. ““I’d Say It’s Kind of Unique in a Way”: The Development of an Intercultural Student Relationship.” Journal of Studies in International Education 17 5 (2013): 533-53.
[57] Bunnell, Tristan. “The Exporting and Franchising of Elite English Private Schools: The Emerging “Second Wave”.” Asia Pacific Journal of Education 28 4 (2008): 383-93.
[58] Knight, Jane. “International Education Hubs: Collaboration for Competitiveness and Sustainability: International Education Hubs.” New Directions for Higher Education 2014 168 (2014): 83-96.

【F Social History (5 Articles)】
[59] (Ref.) Formal Education in Southeast Asia. 2011. 190-91. Vol. 9.
[60] Saikia, Udoy, Merve Hosgelen, and Jim Chalmers. “Investigation into the Population Growth and Its Implications for Primary Schooling in Timor‐Leste by 2020.” Asia Pacific Viewpoint 52 2 (2011): 194-206.
[61] Adzahar, Fadzli Bin Baharom. “”Taking the Gravel Road”: Educational Aspirations of Working Class Malay Youths.” Asian Journal of Social Science 40 2 (2012): 153-73.
[62] Ho, Li-Ching. “Sorting Citizens: Differentiated Citizenship Education in Singapore.” Journal of Curriculum Studies 44 3 (2012): 403-28.
[63] Samarakoon, Shanika, and Rasyad A. Parinduri. “Does Education Empower Women? Evidence from Indonesia.” World Development 66 (2015): 428-42.

【G ASEAN (5 Articles)】
[64] Lee, Molly N. N. “Contemporary Education Policies in Southeast Asia: Common Philosophical Underpinnings and Practices.” Asia Pacific Education Review 17 3 (2016): 465-78.
[65] Azmawati, Dian, et al. “Promoting Asean Awareness at the Higher Education Chalkface.” Contemporary Southeast Asia 39 1 (2017): 127-48.
[66] Chou, Meng-Hsuan, and Pauline Ravinet. “Higher Education Regionalism in Europe and Southeast Asia: Comparing Policy Ideas.” Policy and Society: Higher Education Governance and Policy: Multi-issue, Multi-level, and Multi-actor Dynamics; Guest Edited by Meng-Hsuan Chou, Jens Jungblut, Pauline Ravinet, Martina Vukasovic 36 1 (2017): 143-59.
[67] Dang, Que Anh. “Regionalising Higher Education for Repositioning Southeast Asia.” Oxford Review of Education 43 4 (2017): 417-32.
[68] Hallinger, Philip. “Making Education Reform Happen: Is There an ‘Asian’ Way?” School Leadership & Management 30 5 (2010): 401-18.